Semester 1 : Université Côte d'azur
Module Title ECTS Module description
Structural Biochemistry (UE28) 6 The aim of this module is to teach students in detail the main concepts of structural biochemistry through experimental techniques, biophysical techniques, structural bioinformatics and molecular modeling (homology modeling, drug design, molecular dynamics), as well as the study of example assemblies and their dynamics
Molecular Biology of the Cell (new UE) 6 The main goal of the MBC course is to train biologists in advanced biomolecular research, to address present and future scientific challenges. In-depth and up-to-date knowledge will be provided for the following subjects: molecular analysis of the genome; regulation of gene expression; structure and function of biological macromolecules and their interactions in supramolecular complexes; cellular communication, signal perception and transduction, metabolic regulation, biomolecular engineering and computing.
Signaling, Membrane transport and Pathologies (UE30 6 The aim of this course is acquire knowledge of the main characteristics of membrane proteins and their roles in membrane structure, transport and signaling. Ion channels and transporters represent, after membrane receptors, the first family of pharmacological targets. The course covers the dysfunction of these proteins in pathologies classically associated with membrane electrical activity (cardiac pathologies, epilepsy). However, it goes far beyond this, exploring the emerging role of ion channels and membrane transporters in more unexpected processes such as carcinogenesis, development and immune response.
 Linguistic and communication skills 3 Students will have achieved a wide range of soft and transversal skills and competencies which will ensure they meet the needs of the current employment market. In Semester 1 those skills are linguistic (Capacity for language learning, basic knowledge of English and French languages) and communication competences (ability to communicate effectively with different audiences at different levels, and present materials orally in a clear manner)
Lab rotation 4 Students join research groups or industry, for 6 weeks full-time internship, and participate in ongoing projects.
Integration week Sudent will be bring together for a series of activities including solving administrative matters, gaining additional knowledge, developing additional soft skills, performing technical visits and social interaction.
Free choice 1/2
Module Title ECTS Module description
Biophysics (UE45) 6

The aim of this course is to acquire fundamental knowledge in biophysics to understand cellular mechanics which play a fundamental role in many mechanobiological phenomena, such as bone remodeling, cancer, embryogenesis and immune response. In recent decades, biologists have begun to explore the role of mechanics, and more specifically the forces and

stresses exerted by cells on their environment. In this course, we will review the basic principles of continuum mechanics in order to tackle the mathematical modeling of several biological processes such as adhesion, migration, invasion and cell-cell interactions. Various mathematical approaches based on ODEs, PDEs, in particular reaction-diffusion equations or others, will be presented to highlight how these phenomena can be modeled and coupled, while taking multi-scale aspects into account in their modeling. Particular emphasis will be placed on cell migration, both individual and collective, and on the mechanics of the cell nucleus.

Kinetics for modeling molecular mechanisms (UE27) 6 The aim of this course is to train students to extract information from molecular mechanisms and use it to build and solve small mathematical models. These allow to treat data adequately and therefore bring a large amount of biological information. This course is progressive and uses a great deal of examples from the literature, that encompass various enzymes, molecular motors, transporters, channels or other molecular complexes.
Genetics of major diseases (UE14) 6 This module aims to understand the molecular and genetic mechanisms behind genetic pathologies and master the methods and tools used to explore genetic diseases. Courses content: Modes of heredity, molecular basis of genetic pathologies, analytical methods using new technologies (karyotype, molecular cytogenetics, NGS and exome sequencing), Transgenic mice and KO mice (method of production and phenotype analysis), scientific and bioinformatics analysis.
New therapeutic approaches (UE25) 3 This course is designed to mobilize its knowledge of new pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapeutic approaches currently undergoing clinical or preclinical research including cancer chronotherapy, aging, prions diseases, stem cell and cell therapy, bone tissue engineering and biomaterials, cerebrovascular pathologies and therapeutics, carriers in imaging and radiation oncology, therapeutic vaccines in oncology.
Semester 2 : University of Genova, UNiGE
Module title ECTS Module Description
Human genetics and molecular pathology (MED/03; 10 This course provide in-depth knowledge about inheritance as it occurs in human beings, and comprehension of the main molecular and cellular mechanisms related to the pathogenesis of inherited and acquired diseases
Neurobiology and Neurophysiology (BIO/09) 5

The purpose of the course is to give an overview of molecular mechanisms that regulate functions in the nervous system with special emphasis on cellular and molecular mechanisms that regulate neurotransmission. In particular students receive a detailed information on the generation and propagation of the electrical signal in single neurons up to the complexity of the firing of neurons in network. Mechanisms underlying synaptic plasticity, fundamental for higher function such as learning and memory, will be analyzed in details. Moreover, thanks to the laboratory-activity, the students will learn basic skills in vitro electrophysiology (extra and intracellular recordings, patch-clamp) and functional imaging techniques. Different recording modes and their advantages and disadvantages will be dealt with.

By the end of the course the students should be able to understand the possibilities and the limitations of the different in vitro experimental approaches in neuroscience research and to design experiments in which the techniques are applied in a relevant manner to deal with up to date neurophysiology questions.

Protein expression and engineering (BIO/10) 5 The aim of the course is to provide students with theoretical knowledge but also practical on the assumptions and techniques underlying the engineering of proteins and antibodies. In addition, part of the course will be dedicated to the deepening of the techniques of chemical synthesis of proteins. Regarding the form of Protein engineering, will initially be resumed and expanded some conceptual base relative to the production of recombinant proteins. Thus, different approaches will be analyzed in order to obtain modified proteins or optimized for different applications, the techniques used and the systems of selection/screening, and using examples from the literature or used for production/commercial. In the section of the course on the engineering of antibodies will be given with the three-dimensional structure of immunoglobulins and will be addressed later, in the chronological order of creation, the different techniques of humanization and production of recombinant phage display antibody. In the form of Chemical Engineering explain the main techniques for the chemical synthesis of peptides and proteins and applications resulting from these techniques.
Creation, organization and management of company (SECSP/07) 5 The creation of a consciousness and an economic knowledge in the students enough to include them in the organizational context of any company. The knowledge of the concepts of budgeting and reporting, governance and business management so as to make the student aware of an operator in any context added.
Lab rotation 4 Students join research groups or industry, for 6 weeks full-time internship, and participate in ongoing projects.
Kick-off Day Student will be bring together for a day event designed to help students make the transition between life in France and Italy and make studies at Genoa University as smooth as possible.
Semester 3 : University of Osnabruck, UOS
Module title ECTS Module Description
Advanced methods in membrane biology (AMMB) 11   Lectures: Fluorescence Microscopy: from fundamentals to advanced imaging techniques; photophysics, properties of emitted photons; single molecule fluorescence; fluorescence microscopy techniques (Epi, confocal, TIRF, light sheet, etc.) and superresolution microscopy (STED, SMLM, MINFLUX). Electron microscopy: Fundamentals, SEM, TEM; sample preparation techniques; cryo-EM and single particle analysis; Image analysis: deconvolution, denoising, visualization, correlation and AI-based techniques. Mass spectrometry: principles of mass spectrometry; proteomics and lipidomics techniques; sample preparation and chromatography methods (HPLC, Reversed phase, HILIC, normal phase); data analysis and visualization. Chemical tools: fundamental approaches in chemical membrane biology (optical caging, crosslinking, click-chemistry); applications and combination with mass spectrometry and fluorescence imaging techniques. Practical: fluorescence imaging of lipid composition and membrane properties; subcellular fractionation & immunoblotting, cell-free translation of membrane proteins into liposomes. Combination of advance fluorescence microscopy, electron-microscopy and mass spectrometry. The applicability of synthetic lipid chemistry in these techniques.
Research Proposal 9

This course is designed to build essential skills for effective scientific reading and writing. The goal of the course is to empower students to (1) strategically acquire science information; (2) assess this information critically, (3) extract scientific findings and hypotheses to (4) formulate convincing questions and a research plan. Students will critically read scientific publications, discuss scientific concepts, and report

findings through coherent writing. Working in teams guided by mentors/TAs, students collaboratively develop and enhance skills of scientific information literacy, writing, and communication. The research proposal should prepare for the master thesis commencing in the following semester. Guidance will be provided by the supervisors of the master thesis.

Research project 8 Within the framework of the research project, students should demonstrate that they are able to work on a defined biological problem, from the development of the research question, selection of suitable methods and experimental design to data evaluation and presentation. Guided by an instructor, the students will independently acquire the theoretical background and experimental techniques of their project. Independent practical, mostly experimental work on a bioscientific problem from the current research areas of one of the biology working groups.
German language and culture 2 This class offers participants with no prior knowledge of the German language the opportunity to acquire the foundations of German and to experience German culture and civilization in and around the city of Osnabrück. By the end of the program, students will have mastered basic language skills in German equivalent to level A1.1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFRL).
Summer school Short intensive programme on chosen thematic. students and stakeholders from different European countries will participate in round tables and seminars. The summer school will physically rotate within the Consortium partners.
Semester 4 : Master thesis

The 4th semester will systematically consist in a Master Thesis, performed in one of the research laboratories or associated structure of the partner institution